Crypto Glossary

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There are currently 138 terms in this directory
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51% Attack
A scenario in which a single entity or group controls more than 51% of the network’s mining power, potentially allowing them to manipulate transactions.

A

Adoption
The process of wider acceptance and integration of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology into mainstream use.

Airdrop
The distribution of free tokens or cryptocurrencies to certain addresses as part of a marketing or community-building effort.

All-Time High (ATH)
The highest price ever reached by a cryptocurrency

All-Time Low (ATL)
The lowest price ever reached by a cryptocurrency

Alt Season
A period when altcoins experience significant price rallies, usually while Bitcoin’s price stabilizes or consolidates.

Altcoin
Any cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin and stablecoins

AMA (Ask Me Anything)
Stands for “Ask Me Anything,” which in crypto refers to live Q&A sessions on social media platforms (usually Telegram or Discord) where community members can ask the team behind a project anything they want and get answers in real time.

AML (Anti-Money Laundering)
Measures taken to prevent money laundering and illicit activities in the cryptocurrency space.

Ape/Apeing
Buying into a token shortly after launch without conducting thorough research, usually due to fear of mission out on potential profits that could be lost during the due diligence process.

B

Bear Market
A market characterized by falling prices and pessimistic sentiment.

Bear Trap
A deceptive market situation that lures investors into selling before a potential price increase.

Bearish
When price action moves downward – a negative trend. Also used as a saying to express a lack of confidence in a particular project.

BEP-20
A BNB Smart Chain (BSC) token standard that extends ERC-20, the most common Ethereum token standard. BEP-20 tokens represent a diverse range of crypto assets that don’t have their own blockchain but reside on the Binance Smart Chain (BSC).

Binance (BNB)
The world’s leading cryptocurrency exchange. They have their own cryptocurrency token called BNB.

Bitcoin (BTC)
Introduced to the public in 2009 by an anonymous developer or group of developers using the name Satoshi Nakamoto, it has since become the most well-known cryptocurrency in the world. It was designed to act as money and a form of payment outside the control of any one person, group, or entity, thus removing the need for third-party involvement in financial transactions. It is a public, decentralized blockchain ledger.

BSC (Binance Smart Chain)
BSC was renamed BNB Chain in 2022. It is a smart contract platform with similar functionality to Ethereum but with significantly lower transaction fees, making it a more attractive launch pad for many low-cap crypto projects.

Bullish
When price action moves upward – a positive trend. Also used as a saying to express feeling confident in a particular project.

C

Caller
Someone who has (or claims to have) insider information, or who generally knows when it’s a good time to buy a cryptocurrency. Can be paid by dev/marketing teams to shill their crypto projects.

Candlestick Chart
A type of price chart that displays the open, high, low, and close prices of a cryptocurrency over a specific period.

Centralized Exchange (CEX)
An exchange where a central entity manages users’ funds and transactions.

Circuit Breaker
A mechanism to halt trading on an exchange temporarily during periods of extreme volatility.

Coin Gecko (CG)
One of the world’s largest independent cryptocurrency data aggregators, with thousands of crypto assets tracked across hundreds of exchanges worldwide.

CoinMarketCap (CMC)
The world’s most-referenced price-tracking website for crypto assets.

Cold Storage Wallet
A method of storing cryptocurrencies offline, keeping them safe from hacking and cyber threats. They are also known as hardware wallets or paper wallets. Trezor, Tangem, D’Cent, and Ledger all sell this type of wallet.

Consensus
The process by which participants in a blockchain network agree on the validity of transactions and the state of the ledger.

Consensus Algorithm
The method used to achieve agreement on the state of the blockchain, such as Proof-of-Work or Proof-of-Stake.

Cryptocurrency
A digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security, operating independently of central authorities like governments or banks.

Cryptography
The practice of securing communication and transactions through mathematical algorithms.

D

DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization)
An organization governed by smart contracts and operated without central control.

DApp (Decentralized Application)
An application that operates on a decentralized network, avoiding central points of control.

Decentralization
The absence of a central authority in controlling a cryptocurrency network.

Decentralized Exchange (DEX)
An exchange that operates without a central authority, allowing users to retain control of their funds.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)
Financial services and applications built on blockchain networks, eliminating intermediaries like banks.

Degen
Someone who trades without conducting due diligence and research, typically with newly launched crypto projects.

Diamond Hands
Someone who only sells investments once they have reached their full potential. The opposite of Paper Hands.

Dip
A drop in price. Often said as “Buy the dip” by swing traders who are looking to maximize their returns.

Double Spending
An attempt to spend the same cryptocurrency twice, a problem solved by blockchain technology.

Due Diligence
Spending time to thoroughly research a project before deciding whether or not to invest in it. The practice of professional, high IQ investors.

Dump
A significant price drop on a crypto chart. Sometimes a chain reaction set off by Jeet panic sellers.

DYOR (Do Your Own Research)
Generally given as advice to anyone getting involved in the cryptocurrency markets with real money, urging them to research topics on their own instead of simply believing some random internet influencer.

E

ERC-20
A standard for creating tokens on the Ethereum blockchain, facilitating compatibility and interoperability.

Ethereum (ETH)
A decentralized platform that enables smart contracts and decentralized applications (DApps) to be built and run without downtime, fraud, or interference from third parties.

Exchange
A platform that allows users to buy, sell, and trade cryptocurrencies.

F

Fade
When someone sells a cryptocurrency too soon

Fiat Currency
Traditional currencies issued and regulated by governments, such as the US Dollar (USD) or Euro (EUR).

Fiat Off-Ramp
A service or platform allowing users to convert cryptocurrencies into fiat currency.

Flippening
Usually, meaning Ethereum potentially overtaking Bitcoin in market cap, but the term can be attributed to any cryptocurrency overtaking another.

FOMO (Fear Of Missing Out)
The anxiety or fear of missing out on potential gains, causing investors to make impulsive decisions.

Fork
A split in a blockchain, resulting in two separate chains and communities.

Fork Delta
A decentralized exchange platform that allows users to trade Ethereum-based tokens directly from their wallets.

FUD (Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt)
Negative information or rumours spread to create fear and uncertainty in the cryptocurrency market.

Fungible
A characteristic of assets that are interchangeable and have equal value, like cryptocurrencies.

G

Gas
A unit of measurement representing the computational effort required to execute transactions or smart contracts on the Ethereum network.

Gas Limit
The maximum amount of gas a user is willing to spend on an Ethereum transaction.

Gas Price
The amount of cryptocurrency a user is willing to pay per unit of gas to execute an Ethereum transaction.

Gas Token
A token representing prepaid gas on the Ethereum network, allowing users to optimize transaction costs.

H

Hard Fork
A type of fork that introduces significant protocol changes and is not backward compatible, resulting in two separate blockchains.

Hardware Wallet
A physical device that securely stores private keys offline, offering enhanced security compared to online wallets. They are also known as cold storage wallets or paper wallets. Trezor, Tangem, D’Cent and Ledger all sell this type of wallet.

Hash
A unique fixed-size alphanumeric string generated from input data through cryptographic algorithms.

Hash Rate
The computational power used to mine and process transactions on a blockchain network.

HODL (Hold On for Dear Life)
The act of holding onto cryptocurrencies rather than selling them during volatile times. The practice of a “Diamond Hands” investor.

Honey Pot
A trap set up by scammers to deceive and lure unsuspecting investors. These traps can take various forms, such as fake investment opportunities or malicious smart contracts.

Hot Wallet
An online wallet connected to the internet, convenient for frequent trading but less secure than cold storage. Metamask and Trust Wallet are two of the most popular names offering this type of wallet.

I

ICO (Initial Coin Offering)
A fundraising method for new cryptocurrencies, where investors buy tokens in exchange for established cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum.

ICYMI
Short for “in case you missed it,” a phrase often used when catching someone up on a piece of news or information they might have missed. It usually starts a sentence, relaying to the reader or listener that the event they might not know about happened recently.

IDO (Initial DEX Offering)
A fundraising event conducted on a decentralized exchange (DEX), where new tokens are sold to investors before being listed on the exchange.

IYKYK
A shorthand way of saying “if you know, you know” when conveying an inside joke or a sarcastic comment that only specific individuals will understand. It’s generally stated lighthearted and playfully.

J

Jeet
A person who sells panic sells for little to no profit.

K

KYC (Know Your Customer)
A process used by exchanges and platforms to verify the identity of their users for regulatory compliance.

L

LFG (Let’s Fucking Go)
A saying used by crypto enthusiasts to communicate excitement about positive news or chart movement.

Limit Order
An order to buy or sell a cryptocurrency at a specific price or better.

Liquidity
The ease of converting a cryptocurrency into cash or other assets without causing significant price fluctuations.

Liquidity Pool (LP)
Funds locked in a smart contract that provide liquidity for decentralized exchanges and enable trading without relying on a centralized order book.

M

Mainnet
The main and operational blockchain network for a cryptocurrency, as opposed to a testnet or a development version.

Market Cap
The total value of a cryptocurrency calculated by multiplying its price by the total supply of coins in circulation.

Market Order
A buy or sell order executed immediately at the current market price.

Meme Coin
Cryptocurrencies that have been created as a lighthearted joke, typically with no utility and heavily dependent on community involvement.

Merkle Tree
A data structure used in blockchains to efficiently store and verify transactions.

Mining
The process of validating and adding transactions to the blockchain, typically associated with proof-of-work cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.

Mining Pool
A group of miners who combine their computational resources to increase the chances of successfully mining a block and share the rewards.

Mooning
A slang term used to describe a rapid and substantial increase in the price of a cryptocurrency.

Multi Sig Wallet
A multi-signature (or multi-sig) wallet offers the option of multiple private keys to access your cryptocurrency or make transfers and is a form of multi-factor authentication that increases the funds’ security. This option is often used for crypto belonging to multiple parties (such as a DAO), which ensures that more than one key holder is required to complete any action, such as transferring funds.

N

NFA (Not Financial Advice)
An essential disclaimer for public figures to insert before or after delivering their opinions on anything related to cryptocurrency investing to make it clear that it cannot be taken as formal, legally binding financial advice.

NGL (Not Gonna Lie)
Used to indicate one’s honest opinion about something, especially when that opinion may be unpopular, unexpected, or unfavorable.

NGMI (Not Gonna Make It)
A term referring to crypto projects or individual investors that aren’t likely to succeed. The opposite of WAGMI, or, We All Gonna Make It.

Node
A computer that participates in the validation and propagation of transactions on a blockchain network.

Non-Fungible Token (NFT)
Unique digital assets on the blockchain, often used for representing collectibles or digital art.

O

Oracles
External data feeds that provide information to smart contracts, enabling them to interact with the external world.

P

Paper Hands
A person with a low risk tolerance for high-volatility investments. It has negative connotations and is often used to tease fellow traders. The opposite of Diamond Hands.

Paper Wallet
A paper wallet is a physical document containing a cryptocurrency wallet’s public and private keys. It is the most secure type of wallet, provided you safely store the paper record away from potential threats.

Permissioned
A characteristic of private blockchains, requiring permission to join and participate.

Permissionless
A characteristic of public blockchains, allowing anyone to join the network and participate.

Presale
Crypto pre-sales act as crowdfunding vehicles; they provide developers with the necessary funds to bring their project to market. A pre-sale happens before the Initial Coin Offering and is often an opportunity to buy in at more attractive (lower) prices.

Private Blockchain
A blockchain network restricted to a specific group of participants, often used by businesses for internal purposes.

Private Key
A unique and confidential alphanumeric code that gives access to the owner’s cryptocurrency holdings.

Private Key Ownership
The sole ownership and control of a private key to secure cryptocurrency holdings.

Private Sale
An early investment round in a cryptocurrency project offered to a select group of investors.

Proof-of-Stake (PoS)
A consensus mechanism in which validators are chosen to create new blocks based on the number of coins they hold and “stake” as collateral.

Proof-of-Work (PoW)
A consensus mechanism in which miners compete to solve complex mathematical puzzles to validate transactions and add blocks to the blockchain.

Public Blockchain
A blockchain network open to anyone, like Bitcoin and Ethereum.

Public Key
An alphanumeric code derived from the private key and shared openly to receive cryptocurrency. Also known as a wallet address.

Public Sale
The phase of a token sale open to the general public at the regular price.

Pump
A significant move upward on a crypto chart.

Pump and Dump
A fraudulent scheme where the price of a cryptocurrency is artificially inflated (pumped) by misleading information, followed by a rapid sale (dump) to make a profit.

Pump Group
A group of traders that coordinate to buy a cryptocurrency simultaneously, artificially inflating its price. It is best to avoid these groups unless you know the individuals involved personally, as they can be scams, and the core group may use you as exit liquidity.

R

REKT
Either losing a lot of money on a trade, or getting scammed.

Replay Attack
A type of attack where a transaction intended for one blockchain is maliciously replayed on a different chain.

Rug Pull
An exit scam where developers abandon a project, taking investors’ funds with them.

S

SAFU (Secure Asset Funds for Users)
Coined by the CEO of Binance, SAFU is an emergency financial reserve held to protect investor assets on the Binance crypto exchange. It is now generally known as an initiative to ensure safety for investors. In short, SAFU means to stay safe.

Satoshis
The smallest unit of Bitcoin, representing 0.00000001 BTC.

Shill
Promoting a particular cryptocurrency in order to create excitement and entice potential investors to buy. Something influencers are often paid to do.

Smart Contract
Self-executing contracts with terms directly written into code, automatically executing when specific conditions are met.

Smart Contract Auditing
A process to review and identify potential vulnerabilities in smart contracts for security purposes.

Snipe
The trading practice of buying or selling using a bot to beat traffic and force transactions through when the blockchain is congested.

Soft Fork
A type of fork that introduces backward-compatible changes to a blockchain, keeping the network unified.

Stablecoin
A type of cryptocurrency designed to maintain a stable value, often pegged to a fiat currency like the US Dollar.

Sus
Short for suspect, meaning sketchy or untrustworthy.

T

Testnet
A separate blockchain used by developers to test new features and upgrades without affecting the mainnet.

Ticker Symbol
An abbreviation used to represent a cryptocurrency in the financial markets, like BTC for Bitcoin and ETH for Ethereum.

Token
A unit of value or utility created on a blockchain, representing assets or access rights.

Token Swap
The process of exchanging tokens from one blockchain for tokens on another blockchain.

Tokenomics
The economic model and design of a cryptocurrency or token, including its supply, distribution, and utility.

V

Vesting
In the crypto and DeFi space, during the presale period of an initial coin offering or other fundraising events, a percentage of a project’s token supply is often put aside in a cold wallet and held for a specific period. Vesting refers to the process of storing, locking, and releasing those tokens.

W

WAGMI (We All Gonna Make It)
A term referring to crypto projects or individual investors that are likely to succeed. The opposite of NGMI, or, Not Gonna Make It.

Wallet
A digital tool that stores private and public keys, allowing users to send, receive, and store cryptocurrencies securely.

Wallet Address
A unique string of characters representing the destination for cryptocurrency transactions.

Wallet Backup
A secure copy of a wallet’s private keys or seed phrase to recover funds in case of loss or damage.

Wallet Seed Phrase
A series of words that can be used to recover a wallet’s private keys, providing access to funds. Your seed phrase should never be shared with anyone. It is most secure when written on paper and stored somewhere you can keep it safe no matter what.

Wen Lambo?
A question posed humorously or ironically to ask when the price of a cryptocurrency will go up.

Wen Moon?
A question posed humorously or ironically to ask when the price of a cryptocurrency will go up.

Whale
An individual or entity that holds a large amount of cryptocurrency.

Whale Accumulation
A phase where large holders (whales) accumulate more cryptocurrency assets.

Whale Dump
A significant sale of a cryptocurrency by a whale, causing a price drop.

Whale Watching
Monitoring the moves and trades of large cryptocurrency holders (whales) to anticipate market trends.

Whitepaper
A document explaining the concept, technology, and purpose of a cryptocurrency project.

Wrapped Bitcoin (WBTC)
A tokenized version of Bitcoin on the Ethereum blockchain, allowing it to be used in DeFi applications.

Y

Yield Farming
A DeFi practice where users provide liquidity to a protocol in exchange for rewards, often in the form of additional tokens.

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